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projects:bullet_proof_integer_numeric_input
\ Original Date: September 12, 1988
\ Last Modified: September 28, 1988
\ Author:        Jack W. Brown
\ Function:      Boiler plate, Bullet proof integer numeric input.
\ Usage:         <position cursor>  #IN ( -- number )

\ Overview:
\ The idea is to allow only valid single signed integer input
\ with editing by checking each key press as it arrives. All
\ invalid key presses including function keys will be rejected.
\ The value of the number is formed as valid digits are entered
\ so that it is impossible to enter a number outside the range
\ of -32767 through 32767.  If the cursor is first positioned
\ screen entry will be limited to 6 character positions from this
\ initial cursor postion.

\ Notes:
\ 1) All word defintions have been author and date coded to
\    reflect the date and author of the most recent change.
\ 2) Revision history added to beginning of file.
\    This is absolute requirement when a team of programmers
\    is working on a very large application.  Any change made
\    is reflected in the revision history and with the actual
\    word definition.
\ 3) Only non-FORTH83 word used in #OUT

\ Possible Improvements:
\ 1) Modify code to allow single signed number input in any BASE.
\ 2) Modify code or make a new version called D#IN for bullet proof
\    input of signed double integers.

\ Revision History:
\ JWB 12 09 88  Converted from F83 Blocks to *.SEQ file for F-PC
\ JWB 28 09 88  Commented out test for invalid interval in (IN)
\ JWB 28 09 88  Inserted comment about non standard word #OUT.
\ JWB 28 09 88  Added CONSTANTs to make code more readable and
\               to avoid non standard ASCII and CONTROL.
\ JWB 28 09 88  Clarified operation of RUBOUT.
\ JWB 28 09 88  Clarified operation of +DIGIT.
\ JWB 28 09 88  Renamed RESET? to CLEAR_SIGN? for readability.
\ JWB 28 09 88  Changed . to _ in CORRECT.IT and PROCESS.IT
\ JWB 28 09 88  Modified NEGATIVE? to include DUP
\ JWB 28 09 88  Reformated #IN and removed DUP to accomodate above.

\  Constants added for readablilty.
07 CONSTANT CONTROL_G   \ Bell character
08 CONSTANT CONTROL_H   \ Back space character.
48 CONSTANT ASCII_0     \ The digit " 0 "
57 CONSTANT ASCII_9     \ The digit " 9 "
45 CONSTANT ASCII_-     \ The minus sign character.
13 CONSTANT CONTROL_M   \ The carriage return character

\ Interval testing words. Naming convention motivated by the
\ mathematical intervals (a,b) [a,b] (a,b] and [a,b).
\ Would better names be  (A,B) [A,B] ... ?
\ Application Note:  In VP-Planner these four words were
\ implemented in machine code and saved approximately 500 bytes,
\ resulted in increased execution speed and better readability
\ than when actual tests were coded inline in highlevel Forth.

\ (IN)  leaves a true flag if   a < x < b
: (IN)  ( x a b --  flag )  ( JWB 28 09 88 )
\        2DUP < NOT ABORT" Invalid interval."
         -ROT OVER < -ROT > AND ;

\ [IN]  leaves a true flag if a <= x <= b  , otherwise false.
: [IN]  ( x a b --  flag ) ( JWB 02 10 85 )
        1+ SWAP 1- SWAP (IN) ;

\ (IN]  leaves a true flag if a <  x <= b  , otherwise false.
: (IN]  ( x a b --  flag ) ( JWB 02 10 85 )
        1+ (IN) ;

\ [IN)  leaves a true flag if a <= x <  b  , otherwise false.
: [IN)  ( x a b --  flag ) ( JWB 02 10 85 )
        SWAP 1- SWAP (IN) ;

\ Note #OUT is not in the FORTH83 standard. ( JWB 28 09 88 )
\ #OUT is a variable that contains the number of charaters output since
\ the last carriage return.  Its value must be corrected so that words
\ EMITing characters leave its value the same as the actual horizontal
\ cursor position.  If this is not done systems like L&P F83 may produce
\ auto word wrap when #OUT exceeds 80.

\ Sound alarm bell.
: BELL    ( -- ) ( JWB 07 10 85 )
        CONTROL_G EMIT -1 #OUT +! ;

\ Leave true flag if valid digit.
: DIGIT?  ( n --  flag ) ( JWB 07 10 85 )
        ASCII_0 ASCII_9 [IN] ;

\ Rub out most recent digit. Note that correction to #OUT is -4
\ because three characters have been EMITed and the cursor ends
\ up one character position to the left!
: RUBOUT  ( -- ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
        CONTROL_H EMIT SPACE
        CONTROL_H EMIT
        -4 #OUT +! ;

\ Erase digit from screen, adjust number being formed and
\ decrement the digit count. Note:
\ count = number of digits that have currently been entered.
\ n     = the value of the number currently on the screen.
: -DIGIT  ( count n  --  count-1 n/10 ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
        RUBOUT        \ Remove character from screen.
        SWAP 1- SWAP  \ Adjust digit count.
        10 / ;        \ Adjust value of number.

\ Increment digit count and add in digit. This word is complicated
\ by the fact that we must check to make sure that the digit entered
\ must not allow the number formed to be outside the valid single
\ signed integer range.  Note: n'= 10n+key-48
: +DIGIT  ( count n key --  count+1 n'   If valid key) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
          (             --  count   n    If invalid key )
        SWAP 10 UM*        \ Scale number by 10 and leave as double#.
        2 PICK ASCII_0 -   \ Convert key to digit value.
        0 D+               \ Extend to double, add to leave new value.
        32767. 2OVER DU<   \ Check for out of range single number.
        IF   10 UM/MOD     \ Too big, restore original value.
             NIP NIP BELL  \ remove remainder, and key.
        ELSE DROP          \ convert double number to single number.
             SWAP EMIT     \ Echo digit key to the screen.
             SWAP 1+ SWAP  \ Increment the current digit count.
        THEN ;

\ Reset sign flag to indicate non negative number if digit count
\ is zero.
: CLEAR_SIGN? ( flag count n --  ff count n ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
      OVER 0= IF  ROT DROP FALSE -ROT THEN ;

\ Correct an error input.
: CORRECT_IT ( flag count num key --  flag count num ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
       DROP OVER  0<>         \ Is digit count non zero?
       IF   -DIGIT            \ Remove most recent digit.
       ELSE BELL              \ Sound warning.
       THEN
       CLEAR_SIGN? ; \ Clear numbers sign if count is 0.

\ Process all other keystrokes.
: PROCESS_IT ( flag count num key --  flag count num ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
       DUP  DIGIT?            \ Check for digit.
       IF   +DIGIT            \ Echo & convert digit, inc count
       ELSE DROP BELL         \ Invalid key or overflow.
       THEN ;

\ Apply sign to number.
: APPLY-SIGN  ( flg count num key -- num ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
       DROP NIP SWAP          \ Drop key, nip count, get sign flag.
       IF NEGATE THEN  ;      \ Apply sign to number.

\ Negative number?
: NEGATIVE? ( count num key  -- count num key flag ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
       DUP ASCII_- =  3 PICK 0= AND ;

\ Set sign flag to true indicating a negative number
\ is being input.
: SET-FLAG  ( flg cnt num key --  flg cnt num ) ( JWB 07 10 85 )
      EMIT ROT DROP TRUE -ROT   \ Set sign flag true.
      SWAP 1+ SWAP  ;           \ Increment digit count.

\ This is the boiler plate, bullet proof interger number
\ input routine.  It supposedly only allows input of positive
\ or negative 16 bit integers.  Only valid digit keys are
\ allowed.
\ flag  = sign flag, true means negative number being entered.
\                   false means positive number.
\ count = current count of digits entered.
\ number= current value of number on users screen.
\ key   = key press code from users input.
: #IN   ( --   number ) ( JWB 28 09 88 )
      FALSE 0 0    ( flag count number )
      BEGIN KEY    ( flag count number key ) \ Fetch key press.
        NEGATIVE?                    \ Negative number?
        IF   SET-FLAG                \ Set sign flag true.
        ELSE DUP CONTROL_M =         \ Return entered?
             IF   APPLY-SIGN EXIT    \ Apply sign to number and exit
             THEN
             DUP CONTROL_H =         \ Correct error input?
             IF   CORRECT_IT         \ This does it.
             ELSE PROCESS_IT         \ Process all other keys.
             THEN
        THEN
      AGAIN ;

\ Word to test #IN
: TEST ( -- )
      BEGIN
           CR #IN 3 SPACES DUP .
      0= UNTIL ;



projects/bullet_proof_integer_numeric_input.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2013-06-06 21:27 (Externe Bearbeitung)